NEXUS INTERDISCIPLINARY MUSIC
ANCIENT GREEK MUSIC
Excerpt from "The Art of the Muses: Ancient Greek Music" (Antigone and the Greek World)
"Ancient Greek musicians performed on a variety of string, wind and percussion instruments. The most common string instruments were the lyra or lyre, and the kithara. The lyre is a plucked string instrument originally made from a tortoise shell (forming the body or resonator), a stretched animal skin (forming the top or belly) and two animal horns supporting a wooden crossbar. The sheepgut strings (usually seven) were wound around the crossbar, stretched across a bridge placed on the belly, and attached to the bottom of the resonator...
The aulos was the principal wind instrument. It consisted of a tube made from wood, metal, ivory or bamboo, which was pierced with fingerholes, and a cane double-reed inserted into a reed holder (holmos) which was affixed to the upper end of the tube. It was used to accompany dramatic choruses and dancing in the cult rituals of Dionysus, and for keeping time at athletic competitions and on ships where rowers had to paddle on beat..."
[View a NEXUS sample of this chapter by CLICKING on the ANTIGONE cover below.]
Lesson plans and cross-curricular activities are included in the NEXUS GUIDELINES, which are free with class-set orders of ANTIGONE AND THE GREEK WORLD.
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE MUSIC
The Lion and Winter and the Middle Ages
Macbeth and the Dark Ages
The Harlem Renaissance
The Grapes of Wrath and the American Dream